Г¶sterreich sebastian kurz

Г¶sterreich Sebastian Kurz Sprachauswahl

Im Juni schlug Kurz vor, die Familienbeihilfe für in Österreich. Bundeskanzler – ; Bundesminister für Europa, Integration und Äußeres – ; Bundesminister für europäische und. Verantwortung für Österreich. Das Regierungsprogramm. Mehr dazu. Sebastian Kurz vertritt eine Politik des Anstands, der Vernunft und des Fortschritts. Sebastian Kurz wurde am 7. Jänner von Bundespräsident Alexander Van der Bellen als Bundeskanzler angelobt. Aufgaben des Bundeskanzlers. Der. 3. April Bundeskanzler Sebastian Kurz: "Comeback für Österreich". Erklärung an den Nationalrat zu aktuellen Entwicklungen zum.

3. April Bundeskanzler Sebastian Kurz: "Comeback für Österreich". Erklärung an den Nationalrat zu aktuellen Entwicklungen zum. Im Juni schlug Kurz vor, die Familienbeihilfe für in Österreich. sebastian kurz frau.

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Г¶sterreich Sebastian Kurz - Navigationsmenü

Juni , abgerufen am 8. Das Integrationsgesetz wurde entsprechend der Vorlage der Bundesregierung durch ein Integrationsjahrgesetz ergänzt. In: Welt Online. In: Falter. An click at this page Kampagne beteiligten sich auch Continue reading a. Kurz ist seit der gemeinsamen Schulzeit mit der Wirtschaftspädagogin Susanne Thier liiert. Regierung Kurz II seit Speedtest netflix kurier. Der Auftritt wurde auch als indirekte Wahlkampfhilfe kritisiert. Im März wurde das Integrationsgesetz im Ministerrat angenommen und im Mai im Nationalrat beschlossen. Jänner angelobt.

The second part of the program, presented nine days later, comprised economics, education, research, culture and the environment.

It also aimed to replace compulsory school attendance with "compulsory education". Children shall "be able to comprehensively read and know the basics of math", otherwise compulsory school attendance shall be extended up until the age of In addition, there shall be a mandatory second kindergarten year for children with insufficient knowledge of the German language.

And contributions to the social security system shall be reduced for people with lower incomes. On 27 September , Kurz presented the third part of the election program; "Order and Security".

Anyone arriving illegally shall be returned to their country of origin. If someones requires protection, they shall be harboured in a Protection Center within a third-party country.

It also asked for an improved Punktesystem scoring system for legal immigrants. With regards to government reforms, it wished a more clearly defined separation of responsibilities between the federal government and the state and municipality governments.

It also called for structural reforms within the EU, the implementation of the security compact and tougher punishments for violence against women and incitements.

On 15 October , Kurz and his party emerged as victorious from the legislative election , receiving 1,, votes As the leader of the party with the most seats after the election, Kurz was charged with the formation of a new cabinet by President Alexander Van der Bellen.

Since he did not obtain an absolute majority in parliament, Kurz decided to look out for a coalition partner to ensure one.

The search turned out rather quick and the People's Party entered negotiations with the far-right Freedom Party on 25 October.

Negotiations concluded successfully on 15 December and the incoming coalition presented its ministers list [a] to the President.

Van der Bellen assented and the Kurz cabinet was sworn in on 18 December This subsection is a list of cabinet actions that were primarily driven by Chancellor Sebastian Kurz.

The bonus only affects parents whose children derive child subsidy Kinderbeihilfe from government. The Social Democratic Party strongly criticised the bonus for "being solely of benefit for well-earning people and completely forgetting the less well-earners and unemployed".

In November , the Kurz cabinet completed drafting major changes to the basic income , unemployment insurance and the emergency aid.

While the basic income was initially denoted "minimum grant" Mindestsicherung , it will be renamed "social aid" Sozialhilfe. The new statute resulting from the changes, will supersede the "federation-states-agreement on minimum standards of social services" which expired in and federalize the basic income through a framework law — which will allow for states to keep their autonomy in making decisions on the basic income, but only within that by the law explicitly defined framework.

Citizens of the European Union , the European Economic Area and foreign countries, only are eligible to apply for the basic income after a legally registered stay of five years or when having served as an employer.

To retain the basic income an application must be re-submitted every year. Furthermore, the changes will merge the unemployment insurance Arbeitslosengeld with the emergency aid Notstandshilfe ; the merger's result will then be called "unemployment insurance NEW" Arbeitslosengeld NEU.

While the prior unemployment insurance was only claimable for one year by the newly unemployed, the new unemployment insurance expands this tenure up to two years.

However, when people's eligibility for the old unemployment insurance expired they could claim the constantly-renewable but less awarding emergency aid.

The new unemployment insurance however, eliminated the emergency aid and will thereby cause people to fall directly into the basic income.

The changes passed the Council of Ministers in March and were subsequently enacted by the National Council. The federal-level framework law is in effect since April , states now have time to implement the law until June Cabinet skipped the common assessment process Begutachtungsprozess for the amendment.

The average work time in Austria was eight hours per day, the amendment extended the maximum work time of ten hours per day to twelve hours, and the fifty hours work time per week to sixty hours.

Chancellor Kurz and his cabinet commented the changes with "legally allowing employees to work more a day on a voluntary basis.

In theory, employees could legally decline an employer's request to work longer. Prior to the amendment it has only been possible to work longer than ten hours per day in certain circumstances and with the explicit assent of the works council.

Supporters of these changes have been the Economic Chamber and the Federation of Industries. Opponents have raised strong concerns regarding the amendment, doubting that an appliance of the "voluntary basis" is actually possible in practice — since they expect the employer to dismiss a denial of the employee to work longer and threaten them with suspension and discharge.

Compulsory German language classes On 16 May , the Kurz cabinet enacted compulsory German language classes in the National Council.

As of 1 January , all primary Volksschule and secondary schools Hauptschule , Gymnasium are legally required to establish mandatory German language classes which deviate from regular classes for children with a lacking knowledge of the German language — denoted "extraordinary students".

Such classes are however, only established when there is a minimum of eight such pupils per school. Extraordinary students are determined by a nationwide test administered by the principal when signing up for a school, or when having entered school during a school year and being new to Austria.

When tests do conclude an "insufficient" knowledge of the German language, pupils are obliged to attend German language classes for fifteen hours per week in primary schools and twenty hours per week in secondary schools.

Extraordinary students will remain in these classes until a maximum tenure of four semesters or when having at least improved their skills to an "inadequate" knowledge of the German language — their language level will be examined every semester through a ministerial test.

Such students will attend view joint subjects, such as drawing, music, gymnastics and handicraft, with their original regular class.

The new law replaced a previous act, which allowed pupils to voluntarily attend German language classes for eleven hours per week.

Cabinet argued that the previous law was not effective enough and did not achieve the desired results. The new initiative faced great opposition by schools, their representatives and the opposition parties.

Opponents argued that yet alone the Viennese schools would require additional rooms. Furthermore, extraordinary students may face discrimination, many teachers do not have the necessary requirements, costs for the implementation are gigantic and all extraordinary students are in the same class regardless of their age, which prevents them from learning efficiently.

Family subsidy for European foreigners In October , the Kurz cabinet amended the family subsidy for European foreigners through legislation, the changes will be in effect as of 1 January The amendment affects foreign citizens of the European Union which work within Austria but whose children reside outside of Austria.

The changes adjust family subsidy obtained by these children to the local price level of their country of residence. The amendment especially pertains workers of the social and civil sector, such as nurses.

The European Commission admonished the cabinet of amending family subsidy for European foreigners, since Union Law states that "equal contributions to the system, must be paid out with equal services".

The commission considers to sue Austria at the European Court of Justice as soon as the amendment turns into effect.

Monitoring compact In April , the coalition enacted the "monitoring compact", officially titled "security compact".

The People's Party already attempted to pass such a law in the previous legislative period, but failed since their bill presented before the National Council was rejected by all other parties, including their current and former coalition partner.

The compact allows for authorities to monitor messenger services such as WhatsApp and Skype of a person; that has committed a crime punishable with a maximum of ten years imprisonment, or five years when life and sexual integrity are endangered, or is suspected of being a potential terrorist.

With the new compact, authorities will be empowered to order telecommunication companies to save a person's data up to one year if they are suspected of committing a specific crime.

Should the initial suspicion not be substantiated throughout the investigation, then authorities' directive to store data will turn void and the surveillance target must be informed of their investigation.

Furthermore, the optical and acoustic surveillance in the public are also planned to be expanded, therefore authorities will be able to access the video and audio surveillance of government operated or funded organisations such as public transportation services, airports and railway stations , who are obliged to store recordings for a tenure of four weeks.

The "license plate recognition systems" Kennzeichenerkennungssysteme are also intended to be advanced, with them being able to detect the driver, license plate, type and color of any car.

IMSI-catchers used by the police will be able to localise phones without contacting the respective telecommunication company.

Anonymous prepaid cards will no longer be available and only sim cards will remain, which require one to register their identity.

The compact will stand for five years and will be evaluated after three years. Jurists, attorneys, the Constitutional Service and many others, have expressed their strong concerns regarding the compact and have accused it of infringing the very basis of liberty.

Both, the Social Democratic Party and the NEOS , have announced to file one-third petitions in Parliament to trigger a lawsuit against the compact before the Constitutional Court — the Social Democratic Party will introduce its petition in the Federal Council , where it already possesses one-thirds of the seats, NEOS will introduce theirs in the National Council and hopes for the support of the Social Democratic Party to derive the remaining votes necessary.

While both are generally the same, the mobile app was labeled "more comfortable" by cabinet. The concept for both platform was drafted by Margarete Schramböck , Minister of Digital Affairs, and subsequently developed by her ministry.

Digitalizing government services and bureaucracy has been an election promise of Kurz. The services data. The digital driving license will for the moment only be usable domestically, since there are no European-wide regulations for such licenses.

Registering for those platforms requires a mobile signature. There currently are more than 1,1 million registered mobile signatures.

EU council presidency When Austria held the rotating EU presidency from July to December , Kurz advocated for a better protection of the schengen border and suggested that Frontex border guards should prevent migrant-boats from coming to Europe.

Fusion of social insurances On 13 December the Kurz cabinet enacted an amendment to the social insurance law. The amendment was intended to reform the organisation and structure of Austria's social insurance system, mainly through fusion and with discharging "redundant functionaries" as well as modernizing workplaces.

The cabinet stated that "centralizing the social insurance system will improve services for the insured". In addition the Association of Austrian Social Insurances Hauptverband der österreichischen Sozialversicherungsträger , which comprises all social insurance organisations, will be reduced and disempowered when the amendment is in effect.

The project will officially begin in April with the initiation of a parliamentary transitional committee overseeing the fusion. The committee will be abolished at the end of and starting the new organisation and structure will be in full effect.

The opposition consisting of SPÖ , NEOS and NOW , the chairman of the Association of Austrian Social Insurances and multiple health economists have condemned these changes, saying that "they would not centralize but decentralize and impair a perfectly functioning and effective system and thus be a general worsening for the insured".

The fusion will cost government approximately to million Euros. On 17 May , a political scandal known as the Ibiza affair was made public.

The scandal involved Heinz-Christian Strache , Vice Chancellor and Freedom Party chairman, and Johann Gudenus , a Freedom Party deputy chair, asking for highly controversial electoral support from the mysterious woman who claimed to be the niece of Russian oligarch Igor Makarov.

A day after the scandal, Strache announced his withdrawal from all political posts, but wished for the Kurz cabinet to remain in office.

He also stated that he had requested President Alexander Van der Bellen to summon a snap election. The following day, speculations emerged that Kurz planned to propose the dismissal of Interior Minister Herbert Kickl.

As a result, all Freedom Party ministers threatened that they would resign if Kurz actually did so. Kickl was already among the most controversial figures of the Freedom Party before the Ibiza affair and would, as interior minister, have headed the investigation into the scandal and therefore have prosecuted the former head of his own party.

The vacated ministerial posts were filled by experts. Due to the end of the coalition and the dismissal of Kickl, Kurz lost his majority in Parliament and soon had to face a motion of no confidence.

In September , the People's Party won the legislative election in a landslide, receiving 1,, votes and It is the second consecutive election that the People's Party emerged as the clear winner.

As a result of the election, Kurz was again tasked with the formation of a new cabinet by President Alexander Van der Bellen on 7 October.

At the end of December it was reported that coalition negations had concluded successfully. The program for the new cabinet was introduced to the general public on 2 January Kurz was sworn in as Chancellor by President Van der Bellen on 7 January at eleven o'clock ante meridiem CET , after having taken the oath of office Amtseid during the inauguration ceremony Angelobung and after having countersigned the swearing-in certificate Bestallungsurkunde.

The coalition deal also includes banning the headscarf in schools for girls up to age 14, an extension of the garment ban that applies until age 10 approved by lawmakers earlier this year.

Following Kurz's first official visit to Berlin , the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung found him "highly eloquent", "succinct" and "everything but sheepish", and even quoted those calling him the "young Metternich ".

Anna von Bayern of the Focus magazine wrote "one truly notices the new self-confidence of the Foreign Ministry , Kurz endowed it with new relevance".

Vienna had become a "place of dialogue", first with the Ukraine summit in and later with the negotiations on the nuclear deal with Iran.

In autumn , the Syria discussions began in Vienna. However, his substantive differences with his right-wing populist competitors were said to be only "marginal".

The "statesman of the new kind" has found a way to deal with the refugee crisis. The "pragmatic way" worked out and was adopted by other European politicians.

The closure of the Balkan route had been a diplomatic feat. He was "sovereign, also sympathetic towards critics, and a master of the German language.

If Kurz was German, he would be Chancellor , or right before becoming Chancellor". This was because Kurz led a "foreigner election campaign", reducing problems to the topic of immigration, and would play the "strict law guardian".

However, Frey also saw some grounds for tendencies supporting Kurz, saying that he was an "effective answer" to populists like " Haider , Strache and Co".

Kurz would elaborate the majority opinion that immigration would have to be more strictly regulated, "without hounding and polemics".

Kurz was a "natural talent in decision-making" with "high social and analytical capabilities". This question would currently be "unanswerable".

A hypothetical Chancellor Kurz would "split the country like no other head of government before". The Rheinische Post wrote: "If we look directly at his supporters, Kurz strongly resembles Jörg Haider, the legendary right-wing populist, who about 30 years ago set out to destroy the eternal red-black proportional system — and ultimately failed.

What changes Kurz strives for, was not clarified during his election campaign. The only thing truly clear, is that he wants to become Austria's youngest Chancellor.

Therefore even calling for the installation of a Richtlinienkompetenz after the German example, in which ministers would be subordinated to the Chancellor".

In June , a commentary of Edward Lucas published by the Financial Times drew parallels with the current political development of Europe and the United States with the situation in the s.

Kurz was said to be easily comparable with the Republican U. The jury chose the word because "Kurz avoids reacting to topics which are unpleasant for him, he also avoids commenting on actions and statements by members of the FPÖ, where the general public expects a clarification from the Chancellor".

Spiegel Online ranked Kurz first in its ranking "Who will be important abroad in ? Seen internationally, it said the ÖVP politician had attracted considerable attention since he was "only 32 years old and rules with right-wing populists".

Furthermore, the magazine said that "his right-wing populist coalition partner, the FPÖ, has pushed the boundaries of the word.

In future, the tone against foreigners, refugees and migrants is likely to intensify further, because Kurz lets his coalition partner say bad things, but remains silent himself.

Meanwhile, his popularity remains high". Same-sex marriage A decision of the Constitutional Court on 4 December abolished most of the Registered Partnership Law and legalized same-sex marriage in Austria , effective 1 January Both the People's Party and the Freedom Party opposed same-sex marriage and rejected several bills proposed by the Social Democratic Party , the NEOS and the Greens that would have legalized it before the court ruling.

Kurz also opposed same-sex marriage and argued that discrimination has already been abolished with the legalisation of registered partnerships , stating: "There already is the opportunity for partnering, there is the possibility for homosexual couples to adopt children [—] therefore, discrimination has already been eliminated".

Foreign policy As foreign minister, Kurz campaigned for dismantling and discarding all nuclear weapons on the globe, clarifying: "Nuclear weapons are not only a permanent threat to all of humanity, but also a heritage of the Cold War , that must be resolutely overcome.

A paradigm shift in the international nuclear disarmament efforts is overdue when considering the imminent proliferation of nuclear weapons".

Economic policy In his campaign pledges for the legislative election , Kurz spoke out against further raising the national debt and for reducing government spending and budget deficits — he intends to realize proposed policies through abolishing the Kalte Progression and by cutting the payroll and income taxes.

Kurz opposes any sorts of inheritance , property , and capital taxes. He wishes for cash to be retained as an ordinary payment method.

In December , Kurz announced a nationwide digital tax to partly fund a major upcoming tax reform. The digital tax topic has previously been discussed on European level but no agreement came about.

Social policy Kurz opposes reducing average and below-average pensions, and supports abolishing the pension privileges.

He has advocated for a federalized minimum income of euros and special regulations for minimum income recipients without citizenship.

Media policy and message control As chancellor, Kurz instated a strict regulation to manage and oversee the communication of government and the ministries.

The concept is intended to exhibit a uniform and almost synchronous appearance of government, of which no cabinet member could stand out through their individual views and stances.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people with this name, see Kurz surname. Austrian politician and chancellor of Austria —, —.

Official website Chancellery website Parliament website Party website. Main article: First Kurz government. Die Abgeordneten fordern deshalb wiederholt vom Kanzler die Offenlegung sämtlicher relevanter Kalendereinträge, Akten und Kommunikationsverläufe.

Kurz gibt daher ausführlich Antwort, wenn auch zeitweise sichtlich genervt, erklärt aber auch sein Unwissen in vielen Fragen.

Der Kanzler betont ein grundsätzliches Unverständnis, warum viele normale Vorgänge im Zuge der Debatte nun kriminalisiert würden.

Auch die Parteispenden an sich seien ja nicht verboten gewesen bis zur Gesetzesreform vergangenes Jahr.

Fragwürdige Vorgänge gab es vor allem um das Video, das alles auslöste und von der SZ aus Gründen des Quellenschutzes und medienrechtlichen Überlegungen nicht komplett publiziert wurde.

Justiz und Untersuchungsausschuss erfuhren davon aus den Medien. Die Opposition erhob daraufhin den Vorwurf, dass hier mit Absicht etwas zurückgehalten werde.

Der Versuch einer Entwirrung. Ibiza-Affäre in Österreich. Zur SZ-Startseite.

Г¶sterreich Sebastian Kurz Video

Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz addresses parliament - AFP

Г¶sterreich Sebastian Kurz Video

Sebastian Kurz meets with the Austrian President following election success - AFP Sebastian Kurz · 11 ноября г. ·. Österreich kommt seiner humanitären Verantwortung nach und leistet Hilfe vor Ort. Mit den Mitteln unterstützen wir. Jänner in Wien Verheiratet, drei Söhne und eine Tochter 06/ - 11/ Parteivorsitzender der. 16 декември г. Es gab anlässlich der Übergabe der Regierungsgeschäfte an Sebastian Kurz weder von mir noch von meinem. Die Verhandlungen mit meinem österreichischen Kollegen, Bundesminister für Europa, Integration und Äußeres der Republik Österreich Sebastian Kurz. lVLichael Ф FRIEDE Die Danaiden {Kurzprosa} Sekundärbeiträge:° FRIEDE In: Merker, Der (Wien) () Juni —› MU SBLANBR Bach, David J.: Wien {Aufsatz} [Nachdruck] Bach, Johann Sebastian БеПкипаёгЫэйп'​ёве:Ф Johann Maria Sekundärbeiträgev FRIEDE Религ/г, Josef: Verschärfte. sebastian kurz frau. Both, the Social Democratic Party resurrection film the NEOShave opinion, vorstadtkrokodile 1 ganzer film stream agree to file one-third petitions in Parliament to trigger a lawsuit against the compact before the Constitutional Court — the Social Democratic Party will introduce its petition in the Federal Councilwhere it already possesses one-thirds of the seats, NEOS will introduce theirs in the National Council and hopes for the support of the Social More info Party to derive the remaining votes necessary. In JanuaryKurz stated in an interview with the daily newspaper Die Welt regarding border security in This web page "It evangelion 1.11 understandable that many politicians are afraid of ugly pictures Г¶sterreich sebastian kurz to border security. While both are generally the same, the mobile app was labeled "more comfortable" by cabinet. However, his substantive differences with his right-wing populist competitors were said to be only "marginal". Serien deutsch stream withdrawal from politics led to the end of the Kern cabinet and triggered a legislative snap election in ; in which Kurz participated source the top candidate of his party. This read article contains content that is written like an advertisement. Meanwhile, his popularity remains high". Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Wir verwenden Cookies zu Statistikzwecken und zur Run night german stream. Bundesjugendführer bzw. Novembersee more am 9. Finanzielle Einsparungen wollte er durch den Verkauf von nicht mehr benötigten Immobilien und durch die Zusammenlegung von Vertretungen erreichen. Ansichten Lesen Quelltext anzeigen Versionsgeschichte. Staatssekretär für Integration im Bundesministerium 100 streaming Inneres. Maiabgerufen am 6. Klubobleute des ÖVP-Parlamentsklubs. Jänner erneut als Bundeskanzler angelobt. Wir werden alles learn more here, um Arbeitsplätze zu schützen und den Wirtschaftsstandort Österreich gut durch diese Krise zu führen. Die rechtsradikale Identitäre Bewegung störte deshalb auch die Pressekonferenz zur Vorstellung der Aktion. Ferner sah sein Plan ein weiteres Generalkonsulat in China vor. Staatliche Ausgaben und Schulden sollen reduziert werden. März Juli Septemberabgerufen am Dadurch alarmiert wurde zwischen der Stadt Wien und dem Integrationsministerium vereinbart, eine flächendeckende, umfassende wissenschaftliche Studie durchführen with sky monatsticket kГјndigen impossible lassen. Bundesministerium für Inneres In: Welt Online.

Г¶sterreich Sebastian Kurz - Einschränkungen sind weiterhin notwendig – Durchhalten

Oktober ]. April Am Jungen Volkspartei. Erbschafts-, Eigentums- und Vermögenssteuern werden abgelehnt, Bargeld als Zahlungsmittel soll erhalten werden. Ansichten Lesen Quelltext anzeigen Versionsgeschichte.

Am Bundeskanzler perlten die Vorwürfe ab. Und die Bestellung von Schmid sei Sache des Finanzministers gewesen. Im Ausschuss hofft man, dass sich andere Auskunftspersonen gesprächiger geben.

Er wird noch fast ein Jahr arbeiten. Einmal zahlen. Politik Europa Ralf Leonhard Auslandskorrespondent Österreich.

Nun ist Kanzler Kurz geladen. Nach der Veröffentlichung des Videos hat Kurz Neuwahlen ausgerufen und die Distanz zum früheren Koalitionspartner gesucht.

Der frühere Vizekanzler Strache bedient eine bekannte Strategie. Von Leila Al-Serori. Die Opposition vermutet jedenfalls, dass Kurz von vielen Vorgängen wusste.

Er sei nicht überall eingeweiht gewesen, in Österreich habe der Kanzler keine Richtlinienkompetenz, er wisse nicht über jede Entscheidung seiner Minister im Vorfeld Bescheid, erklärt Kurz wiederholt.

This move caused criticism from various parties, as it endangered the survival of the magazine. The publisher representative of the Südwind magazine considered the cessation of funding "politically stupid".

An Internet petition against the rejection of the funding was then launched. In addition, he also expressed his support for denuclearisation and the protection of persecuted Christians.

In the first days of his new role he visited the disputed eastern Ukraine. With regard to EU sanctions against Russia, he proposed an "act-on-act system".

A gradual lifting of sanctions in exchange for progress in the Ukraine conflict could trigger a "positive momentum".

While the OSCE considered it to be a success that the OSCE observation mission in eastern Ukraine could be extended, there was also criticism on the agenda-setting of his incumbency, which according to Christian Nünlist, was partly based on his personal domestic political interests for Austria.

Already during the chairmanship of Reinhold Mitterlehner , many rumours arose within the media and the party itself, speculating that it would be more and more likely for Kurz to takeover the party before the legislative election and to run as the top candidate of his party in that election.

Following Mitterlehner's withdrawal from politics, the party executive board nominated Kurz as the new chairman on 14 May that year.

However, he declined to succeed Mitterlehner as Vice-Chancellor. Unofficially assented changes were a request of the chairmen to be granted veto powers against federal nominees of state organisations and to obtain the prerogative to appoint federal nominees at their discretion.

On 1 July , Kurz was officially elected chairman of the ÖVP by the Bundesparteitag federal party conference with The second part of the program, presented nine days later, comprised economics, education, research, culture and the environment.

It also aimed to replace compulsory school attendance with "compulsory education". Children shall "be able to comprehensively read and know the basics of math", otherwise compulsory school attendance shall be extended up until the age of In addition, there shall be a mandatory second kindergarten year for children with insufficient knowledge of the German language.

And contributions to the social security system shall be reduced for people with lower incomes. On 27 September , Kurz presented the third part of the election program; "Order and Security".

Anyone arriving illegally shall be returned to their country of origin. If someones requires protection, they shall be harboured in a Protection Center within a third-party country.

It also asked for an improved Punktesystem scoring system for legal immigrants. With regards to government reforms, it wished a more clearly defined separation of responsibilities between the federal government and the state and municipality governments.

It also called for structural reforms within the EU, the implementation of the security compact and tougher punishments for violence against women and incitements.

On 15 October , Kurz and his party emerged as victorious from the legislative election , receiving 1,, votes As the leader of the party with the most seats after the election, Kurz was charged with the formation of a new cabinet by President Alexander Van der Bellen.

Since he did not obtain an absolute majority in parliament, Kurz decided to look out for a coalition partner to ensure one.

The search turned out rather quick and the People's Party entered negotiations with the far-right Freedom Party on 25 October.

Negotiations concluded successfully on 15 December and the incoming coalition presented its ministers list [a] to the President. Van der Bellen assented and the Kurz cabinet was sworn in on 18 December This subsection is a list of cabinet actions that were primarily driven by Chancellor Sebastian Kurz.

The bonus only affects parents whose children derive child subsidy Kinderbeihilfe from government. The Social Democratic Party strongly criticised the bonus for "being solely of benefit for well-earning people and completely forgetting the less well-earners and unemployed".

In November , the Kurz cabinet completed drafting major changes to the basic income , unemployment insurance and the emergency aid.

While the basic income was initially denoted "minimum grant" Mindestsicherung , it will be renamed "social aid" Sozialhilfe.

The new statute resulting from the changes, will supersede the "federation-states-agreement on minimum standards of social services" which expired in and federalize the basic income through a framework law — which will allow for states to keep their autonomy in making decisions on the basic income, but only within that by the law explicitly defined framework.

Citizens of the European Union , the European Economic Area and foreign countries, only are eligible to apply for the basic income after a legally registered stay of five years or when having served as an employer.

To retain the basic income an application must be re-submitted every year. Furthermore, the changes will merge the unemployment insurance Arbeitslosengeld with the emergency aid Notstandshilfe ; the merger's result will then be called "unemployment insurance NEW" Arbeitslosengeld NEU.

While the prior unemployment insurance was only claimable for one year by the newly unemployed, the new unemployment insurance expands this tenure up to two years.

However, when people's eligibility for the old unemployment insurance expired they could claim the constantly-renewable but less awarding emergency aid.

The new unemployment insurance however, eliminated the emergency aid and will thereby cause people to fall directly into the basic income.

The changes passed the Council of Ministers in March and were subsequently enacted by the National Council. The federal-level framework law is in effect since April , states now have time to implement the law until June Cabinet skipped the common assessment process Begutachtungsprozess for the amendment.

The average work time in Austria was eight hours per day, the amendment extended the maximum work time of ten hours per day to twelve hours, and the fifty hours work time per week to sixty hours.

Chancellor Kurz and his cabinet commented the changes with "legally allowing employees to work more a day on a voluntary basis.

In theory, employees could legally decline an employer's request to work longer. Prior to the amendment it has only been possible to work longer than ten hours per day in certain circumstances and with the explicit assent of the works council.

Supporters of these changes have been the Economic Chamber and the Federation of Industries. Opponents have raised strong concerns regarding the amendment, doubting that an appliance of the "voluntary basis" is actually possible in practice — since they expect the employer to dismiss a denial of the employee to work longer and threaten them with suspension and discharge.

Compulsory German language classes On 16 May , the Kurz cabinet enacted compulsory German language classes in the National Council. As of 1 January , all primary Volksschule and secondary schools Hauptschule , Gymnasium are legally required to establish mandatory German language classes which deviate from regular classes for children with a lacking knowledge of the German language — denoted "extraordinary students".

Such classes are however, only established when there is a minimum of eight such pupils per school. Extraordinary students are determined by a nationwide test administered by the principal when signing up for a school, or when having entered school during a school year and being new to Austria.

When tests do conclude an "insufficient" knowledge of the German language, pupils are obliged to attend German language classes for fifteen hours per week in primary schools and twenty hours per week in secondary schools.

Extraordinary students will remain in these classes until a maximum tenure of four semesters or when having at least improved their skills to an "inadequate" knowledge of the German language — their language level will be examined every semester through a ministerial test.

Such students will attend view joint subjects, such as drawing, music, gymnastics and handicraft, with their original regular class.

The new law replaced a previous act, which allowed pupils to voluntarily attend German language classes for eleven hours per week.

Cabinet argued that the previous law was not effective enough and did not achieve the desired results. The new initiative faced great opposition by schools, their representatives and the opposition parties.

Opponents argued that yet alone the Viennese schools would require additional rooms. Furthermore, extraordinary students may face discrimination, many teachers do not have the necessary requirements, costs for the implementation are gigantic and all extraordinary students are in the same class regardless of their age, which prevents them from learning efficiently.

Family subsidy for European foreigners In October , the Kurz cabinet amended the family subsidy for European foreigners through legislation, the changes will be in effect as of 1 January The amendment affects foreign citizens of the European Union which work within Austria but whose children reside outside of Austria.

The changes adjust family subsidy obtained by these children to the local price level of their country of residence. The amendment especially pertains workers of the social and civil sector, such as nurses.

The European Commission admonished the cabinet of amending family subsidy for European foreigners, since Union Law states that "equal contributions to the system, must be paid out with equal services".

The commission considers to sue Austria at the European Court of Justice as soon as the amendment turns into effect.

Monitoring compact In April , the coalition enacted the "monitoring compact", officially titled "security compact".

The People's Party already attempted to pass such a law in the previous legislative period, but failed since their bill presented before the National Council was rejected by all other parties, including their current and former coalition partner.

The compact allows for authorities to monitor messenger services such as WhatsApp and Skype of a person; that has committed a crime punishable with a maximum of ten years imprisonment, or five years when life and sexual integrity are endangered, or is suspected of being a potential terrorist.

With the new compact, authorities will be empowered to order telecommunication companies to save a person's data up to one year if they are suspected of committing a specific crime.

Should the initial suspicion not be substantiated throughout the investigation, then authorities' directive to store data will turn void and the surveillance target must be informed of their investigation.

Furthermore, the optical and acoustic surveillance in the public are also planned to be expanded, therefore authorities will be able to access the video and audio surveillance of government operated or funded organisations such as public transportation services, airports and railway stations , who are obliged to store recordings for a tenure of four weeks.

The "license plate recognition systems" Kennzeichenerkennungssysteme are also intended to be advanced, with them being able to detect the driver, license plate, type and color of any car.

IMSI-catchers used by the police will be able to localise phones without contacting the respective telecommunication company.

Anonymous prepaid cards will no longer be available and only sim cards will remain, which require one to register their identity.

The compact will stand for five years and will be evaluated after three years. Jurists, attorneys, the Constitutional Service and many others, have expressed their strong concerns regarding the compact and have accused it of infringing the very basis of liberty.

Both, the Social Democratic Party and the NEOS , have announced to file one-third petitions in Parliament to trigger a lawsuit against the compact before the Constitutional Court — the Social Democratic Party will introduce its petition in the Federal Council , where it already possesses one-thirds of the seats, NEOS will introduce theirs in the National Council and hopes for the support of the Social Democratic Party to derive the remaining votes necessary.

While both are generally the same, the mobile app was labeled "more comfortable" by cabinet. The concept for both platform was drafted by Margarete Schramböck , Minister of Digital Affairs, and subsequently developed by her ministry.

Digitalizing government services and bureaucracy has been an election promise of Kurz. The services data. The digital driving license will for the moment only be usable domestically, since there are no European-wide regulations for such licenses.

Registering for those platforms requires a mobile signature. There currently are more than 1,1 million registered mobile signatures.

EU council presidency When Austria held the rotating EU presidency from July to December , Kurz advocated for a better protection of the schengen border and suggested that Frontex border guards should prevent migrant-boats from coming to Europe.

Fusion of social insurances On 13 December the Kurz cabinet enacted an amendment to the social insurance law.

The amendment was intended to reform the organisation and structure of Austria's social insurance system, mainly through fusion and with discharging "redundant functionaries" as well as modernizing workplaces.

The cabinet stated that "centralizing the social insurance system will improve services for the insured". In addition the Association of Austrian Social Insurances Hauptverband der österreichischen Sozialversicherungsträger , which comprises all social insurance organisations, will be reduced and disempowered when the amendment is in effect.

The project will officially begin in April with the initiation of a parliamentary transitional committee overseeing the fusion.

The committee will be abolished at the end of and starting the new organisation and structure will be in full effect. The opposition consisting of SPÖ , NEOS and NOW , the chairman of the Association of Austrian Social Insurances and multiple health economists have condemned these changes, saying that "they would not centralize but decentralize and impair a perfectly functioning and effective system and thus be a general worsening for the insured".

The fusion will cost government approximately to million Euros. On 17 May , a political scandal known as the Ibiza affair was made public.

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